MOF Won't Change Allocation of Gov't Revenue by Year End|財政收支劃分法 財政部:年底前不提修法

The Act Governing the Allocation of Government Revenues and Expenditures has not seen any change in 20 years. Last year, former Premier William Lai said that he would propose an amendment of the law after the local elections. However, he didn't get to deliver on the promise after stepping down from his post. Minister of Finance Su Jain-rong said there won't be an amendment on the Act due to a number of reasons, including the lack of agreement between city, county and central government, as well as the upcoming presidential election in year 2020.

The Finance Committee of the Legislative Yuan proposed an amendment to the Act Governing the Allocation of Government Revenues and Expenditures on the morning of May 20. Legislators from the opposition Kuomintang (KMT) proposed amendments to increase the proportion of revenue allocated to local governments, and to adjust the Profit-seeking Enterprise Income Tax with respect to each local government's financial resources. However, the Ministry of Finance said that the central government could only borrow another NT$1.47 trillion and therefore has little room to increase financial support for local governments. The Minister of Finance said the Executive Yuan will not propose an amendment on the Act before the end of the year.

Before the end of the year, before the presidential election is held, there won't be a new amendment on the Act.

The Act Governing the Allocation of Government Revenues and Expenditures has not seen any change in 20 years. Former Minister of Finance Chang Sheng-ford pointed out that, the biggest issue plaguing Taiwan's finance is the increasing expenditure of the government, of which 70 percent goes to wages and pension of public servants. The proportion, he said, increases by 1 percentage point every one to two years. Chang compared the government's financial health to that of a patient suffering from ALS, or losing control over its muscle movement.

(If the figure increases by an average of 1.5 percent per year, then the central government would have only 20 percent of money left to use in about six to seven years.) What former Minister of Finance Chang Sheng-ford said is true, because the expenditure is mandatory according to law. This high expenditure is the result of a number of historical developments.

(Does the allocation of taxes include business tax and tobacco and alcohol tax?) We will discuss all kinds of possibilities when amending the law in the future. We will also avoid the completion among local governments by including the turnover of their profitable businesses.

The Ministry of Finance said that, due to the large differences in income among different cities and counties, allocating profit-seeking Enterprise Income Tax based on their finances will only increase their wealth gap. Therefore, the ministry believe the zero-sum mechanism in the proposed amendment does not solve the financial challenges faced by local governments.

立法院財政委員會,20號上午審查立委提案,「財劃法」修正草案,國民黨立委主張,增加地方財源、按自有財源比率,分配營所稅等提案,不過,財政部表示,今年中央政府,未來可舉債空間,只剩1.47兆,財政困窘,很難再釋出財源給地方。並強調,今年底前,不會提出行政院版財劃法草案。

財政部長 蘇建榮表示:「年底之前這個總統選舉之前啊,大概都不會提出來。」

財劃法攸關地方財政,已超過二十年沒有修法。不過,前財政部長張盛和點出,目前國家財政僵化是最大問題,政府歲出需求有增無減,但人事、退撫等法律義務支出,占比高達7成,而且以每一到兩年,增加一個百分點的速度成長,認為目前政府財政,就像「漸凍人」。

國民黨立委 賴士葆 vs. 行政院主計總處主計長 朱澤民表示:「(平均一年1.5%的話,那大概在六七年左右,我們政府呢可以用的錢只剩下兩成。) 張前部長講的是一個事實,因為那個法律義務支出是要法律的通過,那一個(支出)高 是一個歷史共業。」

民進黨立委 王榮璋 vs. 財政部長 蘇建榮表示:「(統籌分配稅款的規模的這個部分的話,是不是包含營業稅跟菸酒稅?) 新的法案的研議過程當中,我們也會檢討未來的這個情況,為了要避免地方之間的一個競爭,營利事業的營業額的貢獻把它納進來。」
民進黨:民主進步黨(英語:Democratic Progressive Party,縮寫為DPP),簡稱民進黨,為中華民國主要政黨之一,是繼日治時代的臺灣民眾黨後第二個實際參政的臺灣政黨,為臺灣最大的本土派政黨。曾在2000年至2008年之間執政,並成為臺灣歷史與中華民國歷史上首個透過政權和平轉移執政的政黨,現為臺灣最大在野黨。以民進黨為首的泛綠陣營,和以中國國民黨為首的泛藍陣營並列為臺灣兩大政治聯盟。 ...更多

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