90% Same Sex Domestic Abuse Victims Suffer in Silence|民團觀察 9成同婚家暴當事人選擇隱忍

Taiwan's lawmakers recently passed a same-sex marriage bill, making it the first place in Asia to pass gay marriage legislation. However, according to civic group observations, 90 percent of domestic violence victims in same-sex relationships don't seek for the help they need. This is due to the lack of legal recognition and the shortage of resources available to victims of same-sex partner domestic abuse.

Taiwan recently legalized same-sex marriage, and many same-sex couples rushed to get married. Intimate partner violence can occur in both straight and gay relationships. For example, in 2017, a National Taiwan University student was splashed with acid by his former boyfriend. Civic groups have tried to help mediate cases of intimate partner violence among same-sex couples, and have encountered situations involving people threatening to push partners out of the closet, blackmailing partners with self-harm or suicide, and stalking partners. Many victims choose not to do anything, and won't seek assistance unless they have absolutely no other choice.

We have seen many cases involving an attempt to save the relationship. I think this shows that gay people have a harder time finding their other half. So, if it comes time to break up after finding your other half despite all these social pressures and difficulties, the person with fewer resources may use this method to save the relationship.

Civic groups have observed that many cases of intimate partner violence in same-sex unions are concealed. A 2012 study conducted by the Academia Sinica showed the intimate partner violence incidence rate among the gay population was around 4.4 percent. A 2018 report on intimate partner violence showed there were 65,021 cases. As the rate of intimate partner violence in same-sex relationships is similar to that of heterosexual relationships, in theory there should be over 2,000 cases, but the number of actual filed complaints is much lower. Civic groups therefore estimate that over 90 percent of victims do not seek help through the government's online services.

Their families may not be willing to accept their partners, and even their colleagues may not be willing either. Under these circumstances, they may feel isolated and without help, and therefore they just endure the intimate partner violence silently.

Civic groups say calling the 113 Children and Women Protection Hotline and other hotlines, as well as filing reports with the police, are ways to immediately protect oneself. They advise the government agencies overseeing domestic violence to include gay imagery in their promotional efforts to let gay people know they are also protected under the Domestic Violence Protection Act and raise their awareness of domestic violence and support channels.

同志婚姻合法化,不少伴侶選擇走上紅毯、與親友分享結婚的喜悅。不過同志間也會發生親密暴力的狀況,像是2017年台大就發生過同志潑酸事件,發生情殺憾事。而民間團體處理過的案件,也有威脅出櫃、自殘自殺的情緒勒索、跟蹤騷擾等等,而且不少當事人都是選擇隱忍,非不得已,不會提出求救。

台灣同志諮詢熱線協會副秘書長 彭治鏐表示:「很常遇到的都是,因為想要挽回這段感情,我覺得這個還是在說,這個社會同志朋友還是比較難尋覓到另一半,所以在社會壓力,跟好不容易找到另一半的狀況下,當面臨分手時候,可能被提的那一方,如果他資源比較少,就會想要用這個方式,來挽回這段感情。」

民間團體觀察,社會隱藏同志親密暴力黑數,以中研院2012年調查過的國內同志人口,比例約在4.4%以上,再來看到2018年親密暴力通報,有6萬5021件,而根據國內外研究,同志親密暴力發生率與異性戀相近

照理說同志的通報數量,也應該超過2000件,但實際通報的件數卻遠不及這個數字,因此推估超過九成受暴同志,沒有向國家設置的服務網絡求助。
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