The First Nobel Prizes  第一屆諾貝爾頒獎典禮

  Fame and fortune came to Alfred Nobel, a 19th-century Swedish chemist, when he invented dynamite, a highly explosive mixture that was safer to handle and use than gunpowder. Nobel acknowledged the destructive potential of dynamite, yet he believed it would pave the way for world peace. However, the invention he had hoped would end all wars came to be used as a lethal weapon by people with different intentions from his own.
  In 1888, French newspapers mistook the death of Nobel's brother for Alfred's. One obituary printed, "The merchant of death is dead." As a pacifist, Alfred Nobel sorely regretted the use and impact of his inventions in war. About a year before his lonely death in Italy on December 10, 1896, Nobel had drawn up a will establishing the now famous Nobel Prize. The will stipulated that the largest part of his estate be used to set up a foundation that would award prizes annually to those who "have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind" in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace. This shocked relatives who were expecting a share of his legacy, and many wanted to contest the document. But on December 10, 1901, the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death, the first set of Nobel Prizes was finally awarded. Journalists now introduce the Nobel laureates and their contributions to the world every October, with the awards ceremony being held on December 10.

精解字詞片語
1. acknowledge vt. 承認
例: Jim acknowledged that his mistake had led to the failure of the mission.
(吉姆承認他的疏失導致這次任務的失敗。)

2. potential n. 潛力
例: Edward showed his potential to become an inventor when he was a child.
(艾德華小時候就展現出成為發明家的潛能。)

3. pave the way for...  為……鋪路
例: The decision paved the way for a future merger with another company.
(這個決定為日後與別家公司的合併案鋪路。)

4. intention n. 意圖
have no intention of V-ing  無意∕不想……
例: Marty had no intention of dating Claire. He just wanted to be friends.
(馬帝不想和克萊兒約會。他只想和她做朋友。)
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