你不問,醫生不會告訴你的5件事

Time雜誌報導了一則小故事:Sammy的媽媽不久前 被診斷出乳癌,陪媽媽去拿藥時,領藥窗口的藥師卻小聲告訴她處方藥有可能導致卵巢病變,長期服用要記得檢查卵巢,Sammy很錯愕,如果藥師沒提醒,媽媽可能失去及時檢查的機會。這個問題醫生怎麼沒有說?看病時,怎麼問出那些醫生該說而沒說的問題?Time雜誌網站建議了一般人就醫可以提出的問題。進入文章前,請先想想下列英文怎麼說:

(A) 替代方案 (B) 調整 (C) 洞見

1. Are there different treatment options?

你不問,醫生不會告訴你的5件事
Usually a doctor decides the best course of action rather than inform patients of their options. However, choosing the right treatment should be a shared decision-making process. You may have to ask your doctor about your (A) alternatives, and then (1) sort it out with him.
通常醫生會決定最好的療程是什麼,而不見得會知會患者有哪些治療選項,但最好的治療方式應由雙方共同決定,主動詢問醫生有什麼替代治療方案,然後一起討論出最佳辦法。

2. What else can I do to improve my condition?

你不問,醫生不會告訴你的5件事
Medication may be high-efficiency but adjusting your lifestyle is often more important. Daily habits like what you eat, how much you sleep, and whether you smoke or drink (2) account for 70% of the risk for illness. Some doctors prefer medication, unless patients suggest a lifestyle (B) adjustment.
藥物治療雖能快速見效,但生活習慣的調整常扮演更重要角色。生病的原因有七成來自日常作息,比如習慣吃什麼,睡眠是否足夠,有無抽菸喝酒習慣。有些醫生傾向藥物治療,此時就需要病患主動詢問如何調整生活習慣。

3. What are the side effects?

你不問,醫生不會告訴你的5件事
From headaches and skin rashes to mouth blisters, these are some of the common side effects when taking medications, and there can be more. Ask your doctor about it (3) with eyes wide open before going into any course of treatment.