【英語島讀書會】心累卻說不出口?WHO重新定義「工作倦怠」

In ICD-11, burnout is defined as "chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed" and several key symptoms of burnout include:

最新版本的ICD-11中,工作倦怠的定義為「長期處於工作壓力,卻無法成功處理的一種症候群 」,其中包含以下 3 項症狀:

1. feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion
覺得缺乏活力及精疲力竭

2. "mental distance" at work or "negativism and cynicism" in relation to one's job
無法與工作產生心理連結、對工作產生負面想法或憤世嫉俗

3. reduced professional efficacy
工作效率降低

Burnout新定義多的是一份職場同理心

"The earlier definition was kind of this weird in-between; you're not really sick, but you're not fully capable of doing your work." says Torsten Voigt, a German sociologist, who published a review of existing studies on burnout in 2017.

「早期工作倦怠的定義像是卡在某種不上不下的詭異狀態,這就好比你沒有真的生病,卻也無法完成份內的工作。」德國社會學家Torsten Voigt說道,他曾在2017年發表工作倦怠相關研究的回顧探討。

"The new definition is now more detailed. While it's not a major change, it gives people who suffer from burnout more legitimacy."Voigt says. "People who feel burnout are finally fully recognized as having a severe issue. The new definition may be a step toward making it easier for people to get help, at least in some European countries, where health professionals rely on the ICD," he says.