Wild Russia  野性俄羅斯

The Russian wilderness is dazzling in its extremes.
俄羅斯荒野極度豐富燦爛。

  What do frozen salamanders, vampire deer, and endangered leopards have in common? All of these animals are part of a fascinating cast of creatures found within the borders of Russia. This month, National Geographic Channel sets out for Wild Russia, a series that explores the biggest country in the world.
  Spanning 11 time zones and one and a half continents, Russia is a place of extremes, and nowhere shows it better than Siberia, which makes up 77 percent of its total territory. While Siberia is known for its biting cold, some areas can also have temperatures soar as high as 40 degrees Celsius. For the Siberian salamander, having a body that can quickly adjust to these temperatures is essential to survival. Because of their ability to come back to life after being frozen, scientists at one time thought that these special creatures might have been frozen with animals that were over 12,000 years old. However, with modern technology, scientists have learned that Siberian salamanders can only be frozen for a maximum of four years.
  When shown a picture of a musk deer, people are sure to be taken aback for a moment. This unique animal has the head of a kangaroo, the body of a deer, and vampire-like fangs. The unseen thing that people want from it can't be viewed with the naked eye—the musk gland. Female musk deer and perfume makers alike find the scent to be irresistible.
  Deep in the wilderness in the far eastern region of Russia is the Amur River. On this fast-flowing source of life for many animals lives the Amur leopard. These animals are special because there are only 30 or so of them left. Poaching, deforestation, and inbreeding have caused the near extinction of these big cats. See all of these animals and more on the Wild Russia series this month.

1. What is the main idea of this article?
(A) Russia would be a great place to visit when the weather is nice.
(B) Scientists have just found a 12,000-year-old salamander that came back to life.
(C) There are many strange and interesting animals in Russia.
(D) Creatures find it hard to survive in Russia because of its extreme weather.

2. Why would humans want to capture male musk deer?
(A) They need to be kept from killing other animals in the forest.
(B) Their teeth can be used to make rare jewelry.
(C) They look like a combination of a kangaroo, deer, and vampire.
(D) They have a special body organ that can be used to make perfume.