For the Love of Lavender  紫色迷情薰衣草

This little purple flower has left its scent on the world.

  We most commonly associate lavender with its bath-time purposes, using the scent as a fragrant ingredient in soap, shampoo, or lotion. In fact, many believe the word lavender comes from the Latin "lavare," _(1)_ means to wash. In ancient times, Romans sprinkled the pale purple flowers into their bath water to give it a glorious scent and as a way to refresh the skin. Romans also crushed the leaves and burned them during religious rituals and offerings.
  However, _(2)_ the time of the Greek Empire, lavender has been used not only for its aromatic smell but also for its medicinal powers. The Greek physician Dioscorides _(3)_ lavender as a treatment for heart problems. When the plague swept across Europe, glove makers added lavender to their gloves in order to ward off the disease. Doctors have recently confirmed that lavender indeed repelled the bugs which helped spread the disease that _(4)_ millions of people. In Victorian England, women would fill their pillows with lavender to help them relax and fall asleep. During the two World Wars, lavender oil _(5)_ from the flower petals was used on the battlefield to protect wounds from infection and as a pain reliever. Many even used it as an ingredient in cooking. Queen Elizabeth I, for example, _(6)_ that lavender jam be present at every meal.
  Today, lavender is used to treat a number of medical ailments, including insomnia, depression, and hair loss. The oil is also often used in massage therapy due to the relaxing effects it has _(7)_ people. Apparently, there's more to lavender than meets the nose.

1. (A) that (B) what (C) it     (D) which
2. (A) when (B) since (C) unless (D) while
3. (A) prescribed(B) referred (C) encouraged (D) suspected
4. (A) applied to(B) catered to (C) ruled out (D) wiped out
5. (A) extracting(B) to extract (C) extracted (D) be extracted
6. (A) resisted (B) insisted (C) consisted (D) assisted
7. (A) on (B) at     (C) in     (D) to

1. In fact, many believe the word lavender comes from the Latin "lavare," which means to wash.
a. 選項 (A) that 可等於 which,作關係代名詞用,但其前不可置逗號,不可說 "This is a good book, that I enjoy reading.",只可說 "This is a good book that I enjoy reading."(這是我很喜歡看的一本好書。)故 (A) 不可選。
b. 選項 (B) what 為複合關係代名詞,即等於 the thing(s) which,其前不可再有先行詞(名詞),故亦不可選。