十一月知多少All about November

  November is the eleventh month of the year. The word November, however, comes from the Latin1 word novem, which means "nine." This is because November was originally the ninth month of the year. Before 713 BC, the Roman calendar was used and a year had roughly 304 days. Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, added January and February to the calendar, and November became the eleventh month. People who are born before November 22 are Scorpios2. Those who are born after November 22 are Sagittariuses3. Both of the constellations4 that are connected to these star signs are visible from Taiwan.

  In many parts of the world, November marks the end of the harvest and the beginning of winter. In North America, this is celebrated by Thanksgiving, a holiday when people give thanks to God for the food He provides. Thanksgiving Day is the fourth Thursday of the month. Another important November holiday is November 11, Remembrance5 Day. This is a day to think about those who have died in war.

  November 1 is a holiday, which is called All Saints'6 Day. This is a day when Christian saints are remembered. Similar to the Chinese Tomb7 Sweeping Day, on November 2, many people remember their loved ones who have passed away. This day is called All Souls' Day. Families take flowers to graves and go to church to honor their dead relatives.
All about November

十一月知多少All about November

  November是一年中第十一個月。然而,November卻是由拉丁文中代表『九』的novem這個字演變而來。這是因為November原是一年中的第九個月。在西元前713年之前,人們用的是羅馬曆法,那時一年約有三百零四天。羅馬的第二位國王Numa Pompilius把January及February加入曆法中,於是November就成了第十一個月。在十一月二十二日前出生的人為天蠍座。在十一月二十二日後出生的人則為射手座。與這兩個星座有關的天文星座從台灣都可以看得到。

  在世界上許多地方,十一月代表著豐收的結束及冬季的開始。在北美是藉由感恩節來慶祝,這是一個人們向上帝感謝祂恩賜食糧的節日。感恩節是當月的第四個星期四。另一個重要的節日是十一月十一日的Remembrance Day。這一天是讓人們追思在戰爭中陣亡的人的日子。

  十一月一日是一個稱為All Saints' Day的節日。人們會在這個時候緬懷基督教的聖徒。與中國清明節相似的是,許多人在十一月二日悼念他們過世的摯愛。這個日子被稱為All Souls' Day。各個家族會將鮮花獻上墳前,然後上教堂向去世的親戚致敬。

《Building Your Vocabulary》
1. roughly adv. 粗略地,大致上
There are roughly 40 people in this room.
這個房間裡大約有四十個人。
2. visible a. 看得見的,可見的
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