中式英文面面觀:英漢辭典主編用近1000則例句,教你全面破解中式英文的謬誤

【誤】:Physical education is helpful to improve students’ health.
【解說】:be helpful in是固定搭配。【正】句亦可說:Physical education helps to improve students’ health.

2-5.他出生在富裕家庭。
【正】:He was born into a rich family.
【誤】:He was born in a rich family.

2-6.我今天從學校學到很多東西。
【正】:I learned many things in school today.
【誤】:I learn many things from school today.
【解說】:(1)【誤】句介系詞用from,顯然是受中文「從」的影響造成的錯誤。(2)【誤】句另一個錯誤是learn用現在式。很多人誤以為副詞today時間點還是現在,所以用現在式,這是錯誤的觀念,因為既然已學到了,動作已經過去,就要用過去式。(3) I learned many things from Professor Sun.句中的from是正確的。

2-7.
a) 我們可以從網上下載很多資訊。
【正】:We are able to download a lot of information from the Internet.
【誤】:We are able to download a lot of information on the Internet.
b) 我們可以從網上搜尋很多資訊。
【正】:We are able to search a lot of information on the Internet.
【誤】:We are able to search a lot of information from the Internet.
c) 我們可以從網上獲取很多資訊。
【正】:We are able to acquire/get/obtain a lot of information from the Internet.
【誤】:We are able to acquire/get/obtain a lot of information on the Internet.
【解說】:Internet前的介詞要隨著動詞而變化,亦即:download information from the Internet, search information on the Internet, acquire/get/obtain information from the Internet.

2-8. 竊賊好像是從窗戶爬進來的。
【正一】:The burglar seemed to have entered by the window.
【正二】:The burglar seemed to have entered from the window.
【正三】: The burglar seemed to have entered through the window.
【誤】:The burglar seemed to have entered by means of the window.
【解說】:(1) 介系詞by表「經由……」之意,例:We flew to London by way of Paris.(我們經由巴

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